Instructions for Authors
Use of word processing software
It is essential to prepare the file using a new version of Microsoft Word and save it in (.docx). The text should be in a single-column structure. Keep the layout of the text as simple as possible. Authors are strongly advised to use word processor's "spell-check" and "grammar-check" functions to avoid unnecessary errors
All manuscripts must include Abstracts in English and Arabic (with identical information) of 150 to 250 words. Abstracts should be containing the subheadings: objectives, methods, results, and conclusions of the study.
*Tips for writing an abstract in English:
Objectives: You let the readers know why you chose to study this research topic or problem. State exactly the main objective of this research. You need to explain ‘why’ you undertook this study.
Methods: This is ‘how’ you did this research. Let readers know exactly what you did to reach your results. For example, did you undertake interviews? Did you collect data using a questionnaire? What tools, methods, or datasets did you use?
Results: You need to summarize the major findings of this research. You need to explain ‘what’ you found during your study. You need to be very clear and direct. It is important not to exaggerate or create an expectation that your paper will not fulfil.
Conclusions: Conclusions are based on the results of this research. The conclusion should summarize the key supporting ideas you discussed throughout the work, and offer your final impression of the central idea. You need to mention the research recommendations.
Immediately after the abstract, provide a list of keywords (minimum 3, maximum7), avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, "and", "of"). These keywords will be used for indexing purposes. Be sparing with abbreviations: only abbreviations firmly established in the field may be eligible.
Manuscripts should not exceed 7000 words in length. Longer manuscripts should only be submitted in conjunction with Editor Approval, sought in advance. Word count is not applicable for revised versions and resubmissions.
Divide the article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.2, ...), 1.2, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to 'the text'. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should appear on its separate line.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature. Discussion should explore the significance of the work results, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often appropriate.
Results should be clear and concise.
The study's main conclusions should be presented in a short Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
Grant support details
The funding sources should be clearly acknowledged.
This journal does not publish footnotes; therefore, none should be used. Try to include the extra information in the main text and avoid the footnotes.
Citations in the text should follow the referencing style used by the American Psychological Association (APA). The reference should be arranged alphabetically and then sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters 'a', 'b', 'c,' etc., placed after the year of publication.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.